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Aquarium H2o

Understanding Aquarium Lighting Proper aquarium lighting is crucial for a healthy fish tank. Here are the key reasons why

Understanding Aquarium Lighting

Proper aquarium lighting is crucial for a healthy fish tank.  Here are the key reasons why:

  1. Photosynthesis for Plants: For tanks with live plants, appropriate lighting is essential. Plants require light for photosynthesis, which enables them to grow, produce oxygen, and absorb carbon dioxide and nutrients.  Thereby maintaining water quality and a balanced ecosystem.
  2. Fish Health and Behavior: Fish rely on regular light cycles to regulate their circadian rhythms, which affect their behavior, feeding, and breeding. Proper lighting helps mimic their natural environment, reducing stress and promoting healthy activity levels.
  3. Algae Control: Properly managed lighting helps control algae growth. Excessive or inadequate lighting can lead to algae overgrowth, which can cloud the water, compete with plants for nutrients, and create an unhealthy environment.
  4. Aesthetic Appeal: Good lighting enhances the visual appeal of the aquarium, making the colors of fish and plants more vibrant and creating a more attractive display.
  5. Tank Maintenance: Adequate lighting helps you observe the condition of the tank more easily, aiding in the early detection of issues such as disease, algae growth, or equipment malfunctions.
Aquarium Lighting best for fish tanks.

https://www.aquariumcoop.com/blogs/aquarium/how-to-pick-the-best-planted-aquarium-light

To achieve proper fish tank lighting:

  • Select Appropriate Lights: Use lights designed for aquarium use, with the correct spectrum for either fish-only tanks or planted tanks. LED lights are popular due to their efficiency and spectrum control.
  • Adjust Light Duration: Typically, 8-12 hours of light per day is sufficient. Use a timer to ensure a consistent light schedule.
  • Avoid Direct Sunlight: Place the tank away from direct sunlight to prevent excessive algae growth and temperature fluctuations.
  • Consider Light Intensity: Different plants and fish have varying light requirements. Low-light plants need less intense lighting, while high-light plants require stronger illumination.
  • By ensuring proper aquarium lighting, you create a stable and healthy environment that supports the well-being of both plants and fish in your aquarium.

 

When it comes to aquarium keeping, it just comes down to how much time and expense you can give, either way AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to make your dream aquarium, fish, turtle or reptile tank come to life! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop for all that you need.  From an Aquarium Plants to maintenance care and Fish Tank Aeration to rocks & woods, we have you covered! If you have any questions call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumh2o.com .

Fish Species Explained – Pleco

Fish Species Explained – Pleco

Fish Species Explained – Pleco

Fish Species Explained – Pleco, or Hypostomus plecostomus, also known as the suckermouth catfish is a tropical freshwater fish that is from the armored catfish family. It is the one the most species rich families of all catfish.

Fish keeping Level- Easy/Moderate

Fish Species Explained - Pleco aquarium & fish tank blog explains benefits adding a pleco to your tank.  AquariumH2o for your fish tank needs

Originate – South America
Water Conditions – 6-7.2 PH Tropical 78-82 Degrees
Community Fish – Suitable with larger community species
Breeding – Egg Layer
Comments – Best kept in small groups or pairs

Plecos can offer several advantages in a fish tank:

1. Algae Control: Plecos are known for their appetite for algae. They help keep the tank clean by consuming algae growth, which can help maintain water quality and clarity. For additional assistance with algae on the glass or acrylic please look here at our algae scrapers.

2. Bottom-Feeding: Plecos are primarily bottom-feeders, which means they scavenge for leftover food and detritus. This can help prevent food from accumulating at the bottom of the tank, reducing the risk of ammonia spikes and maintaining a cleaner environment.

3. Unique Appearance: Many pleco species have distinctive and attractive appearances, such as their armored bodies and unique patterns, making them an aesthetically pleasing addition to a tank.

4. Peaceful Behavior: Plecos are generally peaceful and compatible with a wide variety of fish species. They are not known to be aggressive and can coexist with other community fish.

5. Low Maintenance: They are relatively low-maintenance fish, making them suitable for beginners. They are hardy and can adapt to various water conditions.

6. Tank Cleaning: The plecos’ constant foraging behavior helps to disturb and aerate the substrate, which can be beneficial for the overall health of the tank. AquariumH2o has a huge selection of aquarium maintenance products click here, fish tank cleaning products.

Summary

It’s important to research the specific pleco species you plan to keep, as different types may have varying care requirements and grow to different sizes, average is about 15 inches. Additionally, ensure that your tank size and water parameters are suitable for the specific pleco species you choose.

For all aquariums, big and small AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to keep your dream aquarium crystal clear! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop. If you have any questions call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumH2o.com.

Fish Species Explained – Pleco
Drawbacks to think about when you own a fish tank

Drawbacks owning a fish tank

While you own a fish tank, it can be a rewarding experience, there are a few drawbacks or challenging aspects.

Owning a fish tank:

  • Time and Maintenance: Fish tanks require regular maintenance, including cleaning, water changes, and monitoring water parameters. It can be time-consuming and may require a consistent commitment to keep the tank clean and healthy for the fish.
  • Cost: Setting up and maintaining a fish tank can be expensive. The initial setup costs for equipment such as tanks, filters, heaters, lighting, and decorations can add up. Additionally, ongoing costs like fish food, water conditioners, and electricity for running the equipment can be a financial burden. According to AquariumScience.org, electrical costs are around $1.50 per month per 10 gallons of water.
  • Limited Travel Flexibility: Owning a fish tank can limit your travel options. You need to arrange for someone to take care of your fish while you’re away, especially if you plan to be gone for an extended period.
  • Health and Disease Management: Fish are susceptible to various diseases and health issues, such as fin rot, ich (Ichthyophthirius multifiliis), or parasites. Treating these issues can be difficult and time-consuming, requiring careful observation, diagnosis, and appropriate medication. Sometimes, despite your best efforts, fish may still get sick or die.
  • Potential Noise and Smell: If not properly maintained, fish tanks can develop unpleasant odors. Overfeeding, inadequate filtration, or poor water quality can contribute to foul smells. Certain types of equipment can create noise, which can be annoying if the tank is placed in a quiet environment.
  • Limited Interaction: Unlike other pets like dogs or cats, fish do not provide the same level of interaction or companionship. While some fish might recognize their owners, they generally do not form the same kind of bond as mammals do.
  • Limited Tank Size: The size of your fish tank determines the number and type of fish you can keep. Some fish species require large tanks, which may not be feasible for everyone due to space constraints or financial limitations.

While these aspects can be considered drawbacks, many people find owning a fish tank to be an extremely rewarding and enjoyable hobby. With proper planning, knowledge, and commitment, challenges can be mitigated, and the benefits of owning a fish tank can be fully realized. Proper AquairumH2o maintenance products and attention will make for a truly tranquil aquarium space.

own a fish tank: AquariumH2o

For all aquariums, big and small AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to keep your dream aquarium crystal clear! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop. If you have any questions call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumH2o.com.

Drawbacks to think about when you own a fish tank
Can you teach a goldfish to drive

Can you teach a goldfish to drive

Can you teach a goldfish to drive?

Well, the answer is yes, you can teach a goldfish to drive.  We have been telling you for a while that fish are very smart and can be trained – Smithsonian agrees.  According to an article published in Smithsonian Magazine, a group of researchers designed a mobile tank for goldfish to drive on land.  The study was performed to learn about fish navigation skills, no matter the habitat.  The study was published in February 2022 in Science Direct.

Can you teach a goldfish to drive

Going on to say that the fish were taught to make movements necessary to propel the vehicle to dispense food.  This enabled the fish to navigate over land and obstacles visually thru the Fish Operated Vehicle (FOV) walls.  Their FOV, simply put, is a fish tank on wheels.

ABC News goes on to report that before the experiment could begin the fish needed to be taught how to drive the car. The scientists were surprised how quick the fish learned  to get the food dispensed.  Once the fish learned how to drive the FOV, they were successfully able to drive the vehicle on land and their skills drastically improved with repeated attempts.

The Can you Teach a Goldfish to Drive Study had 2 conclusions. First, fish navigational ability is universal to the species rather than specific to the environment. Second, it showed that goldfish have the ability to learn complex tasks in an unfamiliar environment and make adjustments to survive.

“It shows that goldfish have the cognitive ability to learn a complex task in an environment completely unlike the one they evolved in. As anyone who has tried to learn how to ride a bike or to drive a car knows, it is challenging at first,” study author Shachar Givon, a graduate student at Ben-Gurion University, said in a statement.

AquariumH2o

For all aquariums, big and small AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to keep your dream aquarium crystal clear! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop. If you have any questions call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumH2o.com.

Can you teach a goldfish to drive
Cleaning Your Aquarium, Aquarium Aeration

Cleaning Your Aquarium

This subject may not seem worth an article, but you’d be surprised how little people know about cleaning your aquarium.  I remember when I was a young fish keeper boiling the gravel on the kitchen stove to make sure was as clean as possible, I look back now and think what the hell was I doing??

Everybody likes a clean aquarium, thinking the inhabitants are well kept, happy and not distressed , a little like a cat or dog bed or bird cage, but with aquatic life this can be different.

The aquarium needs to sit somewhere in the middle of this, clean but not overclean.  The popular saying in aquarium talk is you keep water not fish, and this is so true. Bacteria is the key and you do not want to clean this out.

Weekly Cleaning Routine:

Use a non abrasive pad to clean the glass and avoid scrapers around silicone joints if used.  Change any pre-filter pads , avoid over cleaning the main filter pads.

Fortnightly Cleaning Routine:

Use a gravel cleaner to clean the gravel or substrate, it is advised to rotate and do 50% at any cleaning session, this stops taking to much water out of the aquarium, 20% maximum water removal is a good target.

Use this water taken out by the gravel cleaner to clean any filter sponges. NEVER rinse under the faucet as any chlorine will kill the friendly bacteria.

Monthly Cleaning Routine:

Remove rocks or woods or ornaments and remove trapped uneaten food or waste.  Aquarium ornaments can be cleaned using a sponge, avoid any abrasive pads as may remove the paint.  Trim any live plants and remove dead leaves etc.  Exchange or recharge any filter media like carbon.

Never use furniture polish or any household chemical in or around the aquarium and turn off the lights when cleaning to try and keep the stress down from the cleaning of the aquarium.

 

For all aquariums, big and small AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to keep your dream aquarium! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop for all that you need. If you have any questions, call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumH2o.com.

Bottom Feeder Fish So Important

Why Are Bottom Feeder Fish So Important?

So why are bottom feeder fish so important to an aquarium?

Why are bottom feeder fish so important?  A bottom feeder is an aquatic animal that feeds on uneaten foods, algae and other debris on the bottom of the tank. In essence, cleaning the aquarium for you.  The general room of thumb with stocking quantities is one bottom feeder for 6 of mid or surface feeding species.  Bottom feeding types are usually catfish based species or loaches, popular in the ornamental trade.  See Swell UK’s article on bottom fish.

Aquarium fish can be broken down to three types of fish:

  1. Surface Feeders, these are aquarium fish with mouths on the top of the head, like guppies.
  2. Mid Range Feeders, these are aquarium fish with mouths at the front of the head, like tetra’s.
  3. Bottom Feeders, these are aquarium fish with mouths at the bottom of the head, like corydoras.

Most types of bottom feeders have barbells to help locate food, as in the wild are usually in dark dee water with little natural light.  They often have a flattened body shape as they spend most of their lives skimming the bottom of tanks and aquariums.

Uneaten food from over feeding or fish waste can pollute aquarium water fast, as due to being a small body of water usually 10-150 gallons.  Bottom feeders eat this food source and therefore help maintain a better aquarium water quality.  Also, create zones in the aquarium to stop over crowding of species.

It is important that you use aquarium foods that are suitable for bottom feeders, it is common in aquariums that the bottom feeders can starve, if you are only feeding floating flakes there is often little food that gets to the bottom of the aquarium.  Granule’s or sinking pellets are suitable for bottom feeders, Aquariumh2o stock Dajana products specially formulated for bottom feeders.

For all aquariums, big and small AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to keep your dream aquarium crystal clear! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop for all that you need. If you have any questions, call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumH2o.com.

Green Aquarium Water

Green Aquarium Water

Green Aquarium water isn’t always bad for fish and plants, certainly not pleasing on the eyes but can be easily treated.  Green water is caused by an increased growth of single cell algae blooms, technically called phytoplankton.  When the blooms become too concentrated in your aquarium it turns the water green. Plants and fish like green water as phytoplankton is the start of the food chain in a productive aquatic eco-system in both fresh and salt water aquariums.  Healthy tanks have a balance of phytoplankton in fact, it creates oxygen and is a food source.

What are the Causes of Green Water in an Aquarium?

Bacteria and algae lives everywhere in the aquarium, in the substrate,  filter, filter media, and on decorations.   In order for phytoplankton to bloom, there needs to be excessive light, an imbalance of aquarium nitrates and room to grow.

  • Lots of light either natural sunlight or artificial tank lights
  • Left over food in the water
  • Too many fish and waste
  • Dirty water
  • Not enough good quality water changes
  • Dirty substrate
  • Poor tank maintenance

Rid your Tank of Algae Blooms

Algae blooms can be cleared in your tank once you recognize what caused the bloom to start in the first place. Algae need the proper amount of food and light to bloom.  You can rid your fish tank of green water by adding chemicals, adding a UV clarifier, half tank water changes and thorough substrate vacuuming.  Following a couple of suggestions can help get your fish tank or aquarium back to crystal clear water.

  • Chemicals, called algaecides can be used to help kill the algae
  • Control the lighting
  • Install an Ultra Violet Clarifier, often called a UV Filter
  • Completely break down your filter, clean or purchase filter media
  • Do a thorough water change
  • Clean the tank, substrates, glass, decorations, rocks or wood
  • Vacuum to clean the gravel or sand
  • Install an algae eater

Prevent Green Water in your Aquarium

Green water in your aquarium isn’t always a bad thing.  It creates food and oxygen for your fish and plants to eat, but an over amount of blooms will turn your tank water into pea soup like green water.  If the water remains untreated it will ultimately lead to problems for fish by raising the pH too high, starving the tank of oxygen, blocking filters, and trapping fish.  

  • Reduce the amount of light:
    • put your tank lights on a schedule
    • make sure you have an aquarium background installed to reduce light coming from back
    • control direct sunlight, do not put your tank in direct sunlight
  • Install a UV clarifier
  • Do regular tank maintenance:
    • Water changes, do a full water change of up to half or a third of the water
    • Proper substrate and gravel cleaning and vacuum your gravel and substrates
    • Remove visible algae from the glass with a proper Aquarium Glass Cleaner
    • Wash all ornaments, plants centerpieces, rocks wood pieces, and decorations
    • Perform regular water changes
    • Clean filter media
  • Regularly remove uneaten food and wastes, don’t over feed your fish (check out our blog on feeding aquarium fish)
  • Maintain proper aquarium water parameter’s by purchasing a water testing kit
  • Floating aquarium plants that eat algae like duckweed, water sprout or guppy grass

For all aquariums, big and small AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to keep your dream aquarium crystal clear! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop for all that you need. If you have any questions call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumH2o.com.

 

 

choosing the right aquarium substrate or gravel

Choosing The Right Aquarium Substrate

When setting up a new tank choosing the right aquarium substrate or gravel is one of the most important considerations to be taken into account.
Careful consideration is the key to your success or failure in many cases.

Why do you need substrate? You do not actually need it as many fish are kept in aquariums without substrate and would be easy to maintain, but would not look attractive and the fish are not going to act like they are in natural underwater environment.

The first considerations are what fish you are going to keep? What PH range is required?  Hard or soft water? Substrates chosen specifically for these will help.  Coral based sand for instance will give hard, alkaline water parameters and a silica gravel base will give a more neutral PH.

Additional consideration is do you want to have natural live plants? If so, choose a substrate that is designed for plant root growth.

What size substrate do I use?  Larger fish especially cichlids are better with coarser heavier gravels. Bottom feeders prefer a smaller gravel size or sand.

Adding Substrate

Gravel is probably the most popular substrate option for many aquariums. The variation in shapes, sizes and colors make gravel suitable for a variety of set-ups.

Substrate material should be between half to 2 inch thick especially if plants are going to be grown.

Wash it first under fresh running water to get all particles of dirt out to stop your aquarium going cloudy.

To calculate how much sand or gravel you’ll need to buy in order to achieve a two Inch (2″) gravel depth in your fish tank, please use the following formula:

  1.  Multiply tank length by tank width (in inches); Example: 36″ in. x 14″ in. = 893
  2. Divide the answer by 10; 504 / 10 = 50.4 lb or 23 kilo

Spread the substrate out evenly and try to create a slight slope in the front to allow cleaning to be a little easier.

Using proper consideration while choosing the right aquarium substrate will make your next new tank set up a proper success.

How To Choose and Introduce New Fish to Your Aquarium

How To Choose and Introduce New Fish to Your Aquarium

Get fish acclimated to their new environment!

Here are some useful tips on how to choose and introduce new fish to your aquarium.  Every aquarium owner loves this part of fish keeping. The excitement of going to your local fish store, choosing your new fish, asking advice, buying new supplies. Then, rushing home to add them to your collection.

How To Choose and Introduce New Fish to Your Aquarium:

  1. Purchase from a reputable long established aquarium store, does not have to be a big strip mall store. Often the best aquarium stores are tucked away, offering in many cases generations of experience and knowledge.
  2. If you are just starting out and are adding fish to an aquarium, never purchase more than three fish on any visit.  Another great tip is take some of your aquarium water with you if you do not own a test kit to check your water quality.  Often stores will charge a small fee to check your water quality, well worth it to stop any issues increasing stocking density may cause.  Also, see our Blog on new aquarium syndrome: https://www.aquariumh2o.com/2019/09/19/new-aquarium-syndrome/.
  3. Talk to the staff and tell them what you already have in your collection and what they recommend for your level of experience and local water conditions. Some fish like Discus require soft water and if you live in a hard water area will make it more difficult to keep these type of fish.
  4. Once you get back home, first thing to do is turn your aquarium light off, they are stressed enough from the ride home without adding to been thrown straight under bright lights.
  5. Place the fish transport bags so they float on the aquarium and leave them for at least 10-15 minutes so the water temperatures in the bag and aquarium equalize again to minimize stress.
  6. When opening the transport bag don’t rip it or try to puncture it, use scissors or take off the rubber band. Most experienced fish keepers will not add the store water to the aquarium when they introduce the fish as well, so get your aquarium net and place over a vessel like a small bucket and slowly pour the contents through the net so catching the fish, then slowly introduce the fish to the aquarium. You can of course add the water if easier, just mix the water slowly together.   Finally, slowly tip the fish out so they can escape.
  7. Keep the aquarium light off to ensure the fish can get used to their new home.  Monitor the new arrivals for stress, be sure they aren’t being picked on as new kids on the block.
  8. Enjoy watching the new fish in your aquarium, after all, that’s why you bought them.

Be sure to check our Facebook page often for newest products and other information

When it comes to aquarium keeping, it just comes down to how much time and expense you can give, either way AquariumH2o has the supplies you need to make your dream aquarium, fish, turtle or reptile tank come to life! When we say we have all the supplies you need, we mean it, we are a one-stop shop for all that you need.  From an Gravels & Substrates to maintenance care and Aquarium Aeration, we have you covered! If you have any questions call us at 856-985-9339 or email us at sales@aquariumh2o.com .

Fish Species Explained – Angel Fish

Fish Species Explained – Corydoras

Fish Species Explained – Corydoras

Fish Species Explained – Corydoras covers a wide selection of bottom feeder fish, covering nearly 200 species. Callichthyidae, the Latin name and Corydoradinae been the sub species where the abbreviated word Cory.  Check out other species in our Information Center.

Corydoras are peaceful bottom feeders, best kept in small shoals. All Corydoradinae species originate from South America. They can be very active and alert while moving around the aquarium. It is important to always have hiding places for them to rest.  Be mindful when feeding that food meant for bottom feeders is used, as sometimes bottom feeding fish can starve if no food ever reaches the bottom.

Originate – South America
Water Conditions – 7-7.8 PH Tropical 72-80 Degrees
Community Fish – Ideal, use ratio of 1 bottom feeder to 6 surface or mid range fish
Breeding – Egg Layer
Comments – Best kept in small groups or pairs. Make sure the aquarium has a good base of gravel for corydoras to search for food and as they generally scavenge.

Conclusion

Fish Species Explained – Corydoras are a must for any freshwater tropical aquarium, attractive and useful for hoovering up all uneaten food. Can easily live for up to 5 years and are very hardy species.

Check out our shop for fabulous accessories for your tropical aquariums, reptile habitats and more.

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